Question: What Are The Most Important Archaeological Discoveries?

What is the oldest human artifact ever found?

Lomekwi 3Lomekwi 3 is the name of an archaeological site in Kenya where ancient stone tools have been discovered dating to 3.3 million years ago, which make them the oldest ever found..

What is the most important artifact ever found?

In 1799, a group of French soldiers rebuilding a military fort in the port city of el-Rashid (or Rosetta), Egypt, accidentally uncovered what was to become one of the most famous artifacts in the world — the Rosetta Stone.

What is the biggest archaeological?

Archaeologists have been working without interruption at Pompeii since the mid-18th century, making it the longest continually excavated site in the world. In fact, when scientists first began uncovering the ruins, they ushered in the modern science of archaeology.

What is the rarest artifact in the world?

The London hammer – a tool older than history.The Antikythera mechanism – a Greek ancient computer.The Dropa Stones.The Saqqara bird – an Egyptian plane.The Baghdad battery – a 2000-year-old battery.Unexplainable fossils and metal objects.The Piri Reis map.The Nazca drawings.More items…

Who is the most famous archaeologist?

Famous Archaeologists – Scientists, Inventors and Explorers – SchoolDirectory. Jean Francois Champollion (1790 – 1832), French philologist and orientalist: the decipherer of the Rosetta Stone hieroglyphs in 1822. Howard Carter (1874 – 1939), English archaeologist and Egyptologist: discovered the Tutankhamen’s tomb.

What is the oldest artifact on Earth?

Lomekwi Stone Tools The stone tools unearthed at Lomekwi 3, an archaeological site in Kenya, are the oldest artifacts in the world. These stone tools are about 3.3 million years old, long before Homo sapiens (humans) showed up.

What are the oldest things on Earth?

SINGLE TREE: Approximately 5,000 years Methuselah, a bristlecone pine in the White Mountains of California, stands at the ripe old age of about 5,000, making it the oldest known non-cloned organism on Earth.

What is the latest archaeological discovery?

Archaeologists have announced the discovery of a giant Ice Age structure built from the remains of at least 60 mammoths at the Kostenki-Borshevo archaeological complex. Archaeologists from the University of Bradford have announced the discovery of a large prehistoric site at Durrington Walls near Stonehenge in England.

What are most significant Archaeology findings of the 21st century?

With that in mind, here are five of the most important discoveries made in the last decade:The Lovers of Valdaro. … The Nesting Pyramids of Chichén Itzá … The Youngest Known Mummy. … New Dead Sea Scrolls. … Greece’s Largest Tomb.

Who is the best archaeologists in the world?

Examples of important people in archaeology on this list include Thomas Jefferson, Howard Carter, Louis Leakey, and more. From reputable, prominent, and well known archaeologists to the lesser known archaeologists of today, these are some of the best professionals in the archaeologist field.

What country has the most ancient ruins?

15 Countries With Ancient Ruins You Should VisitMalta.United Kingdom.England.Scotland.Mexico and Caribbean.Mexico.Middle East.Turkey.More items…•

Who owns archaeological finds?

The Antiquities Act of 1975 states that anything found must be reported to the Ministry of Culture and Heritage within 28 days. Then the ministry decides what to do with it. If the item was found before 1976, then it belongs to whoever found it.