Question: What Did The 3rd Estate Want?

Who belonged to the Third Estate?

Major Causes of the French Revolution: The First Estate was the clergy, the Second Estate was the nobles, and the Third Estate was the commoners.

Most of France belonged to the Third Estate.

There was little chance for people to move from one estate to another..

How were the Third Estate treated?

Regardless of their property and wealth, members of the Third Estate were subject to inequitable taxation and were politically disregarded by the Ancien Régime. This exclusion contributed to rising revolutionary sentiment in the late 1780s.

Why was the third estate taxed?

The reason the Third Estate paid all the taxes under the Bourbon monarchy in France is that the kingdom had an inefficient, outdated tax system. Nobles and clergy received many privileges, one of which was that they were exempt from many taxes, in particular the taille, a head tax on each individual.

Why was France in debt?

Causes of debt The French Crown’s debt was caused by both individual decisions, such as intervention in the American War of Independence and the Seven Years’ War, and underlying issues such as an inadequate taxation system.

Who did the Third Estate pay taxes to?

Third Group—Peasants: largest group within the Third Estate. This group was 80 percent of France’s population. This group paid half of their income to the nobles, tithes to the Church, and taxes to the king’s agents.

What were the problems of the Third Estate?

The members of the Third estate were unhappy with the prevailing conditions because they paid all the taxes to the government. Further, they were also not entitled to any privileges enjoyed by the clergy and nobles. Taxes were imposed on every essential item.

What did the Third Estate consist of?

Third Estate, French Tiers État, in French history, with the nobility and the clergy, one of the three orders into which members were divided in the pre-Revolutionary Estates-General.

Why did the people of the Third Estate revolt?

To put it simply, the third estate revolted in response to an unfair economic and political system that disproportionately taxed the middle classes and peasants while benefiting the other estates. The first estate was comprised of higher-ranking members of the clergy and the second estate was the nobility.

What were the main complaints of the Third Estate?

The cahiers of the Third Estate spoke out mainly against the financial privileges held by the two other Estates. They were both exempt from most taxes such as the church tithe and the taille (the main direct tax). They also wanted to have a fair voting system in the Estates-General.

Why did the Third Estate declared itself to be the National Assembly?

The Third Estate declared itself to be the National Assembly because they wanted the voting system to be fair and they would have the majority vote. When the king wanted the old ways, the third estate replied by making itself the National Assembly and drafted a new constitution.

Why was the Third Estate unhappy?

The reason why the Third Estate was so unhappy was because they had 95% of the people which were peasants and they were treated poorly and overlooked by the two other estates. The first example of the popular protest in the French Revolution was when the peasants stormed the Bastille and took it apart.

What was the goal of the Third Estate?

Each estate had one vote, and the First and Second estates would always vote the same thing since they were both rich. The Third Estate wanted one man, one vote which would allow them to outvote the combined First and Second Estates.

Did the Third Estate pay taxes?

The Third Estate was the only estate that paid taxes under the Old Regime.

Why was the estate system unfair?

The causes of the French Revolution were that the Estate System was unfair, the government of France was into much debt, and was therefore taxing too much, and that people resented the power of the Church. The third estate was overtaxed because the government was in debt. … This caused the third estate to demand reform.

What characteristics of the Third Estate helped fuel the revolution?

What characteristics of the Third Estate helped fuel the Revolution? The Third Estate was the largest and most reform was needed for them. The people at the top were all very successful bankers, merchants, and manufacturers. They also wanted the estates general to meet so they could have representation.

What did the 3rd estate demand?

The Third Estate would become a very important early part of the French Revolution. … But the dramatic inequality in voting—the Third Estate represented more people, but only had the same voting power as the clergy or the nobility—led to the Third Estate demanding more voting power, and as things developed, more rights.